The Difference Between Ceramic and Porcelain Tiles

When it comes to home renovation or remodeling, one of the most important aspects that carefully needs to be tended upon is the flooring. With lots of available options in the market, it can be tricky which flooring material to choose to give your home that fresh and new look.

Two of the most common flooring materials are ceramic and porcelain. Putting them side by side makes it hard to differentiate them apart. In terms of aesthetics, they look pretty similar. But what we didn’t know is that both of them has unique differences that really separates one from the other. So what are these differences we’re talking about? Continue reading down below.

Ceramic Tile

  • In terms of affordability, ceramic tiles are your best bet. They are softer and more porous compared to porcelain tiles. Ceramic tiles are made from a less refined clay material which is then kiln-fired at lower temperatures. However, despite its cheap pricing, it sacrifices durability.
  • Ceramic tiles are often made from natural brown, red, or white clay. During the process of making such, the water content is reduced, and a special glaze is applied once it’s finished. To determine how porous a ceramic tile is, a water test is made after each creation of tiles. This test is also a way to determine if a tile is ceramic or porcelain.
  • After being soaked, the tiles are then weighed to see if they absorb too much water or not. If the tile weighs more than 0.5 percent compared to its original weight, the tile is indeed ceramic, meaning its value is slightly decreased.

Porcelain Tile

  • On the other hand, a porcelain tile is made from refined clay and other natural elements. It’s made at high temperature and then transforms into a hard, stone-like tile that’s more durable compared to ceramic. Although looking similar to ceramic, porcelain tiles are denser, which means it is more durable and can last for long.
  •  After the making process, homeowners will decide if they want their tiles to be glazed or not. Un-glazed tiles tend to be stronger and chip resistant. Since porcelain tiles are much less porous, it has a pretty low water absorption rate, making it less vulnerable to water damage.
  • This is why homeowners choose porcelain tiles for their bathrooms because of its waterproof capabilities. However, porcelain tiles are more expensive than ceramic tiles. But its durability is what really makes it stand out despite its pricing.

The Pros and Cons of Ceramic Tiles


  • More affordable than porcelain tiles
  • Easier to install because of its soft nature, making it easier to cut using a tile cutter.


  • Less durable and easier to chip.
  • Has a pretty high water absorption rate. Making it less ideal to install on a bathroom or anywhere where moisture is more dominant.
  • Requires a bit more cleaning and care compared to porcelain.

Pros and Cons of Porcelain Tiles


  • Can withstand any kinds of moisture and spills.
  • Can be installed without problems on bathrooms or any room where moisture is more dominant.
  • It has a low water absorption rate. Making it easier to clean from spills or any other types of liquid.


  • More expensive compared to ceramic tiles.
  • Harder to cut and install since its thicker than ceramic tiles.


  • To sum it all up, it’s tough to see which of them is the winner since both has its own advantage and disadvantages. If you’re a budget conscious person and wants to save as much cash as possible, then ceramic tiles are your best bet. However, if durability and elegance is your thing without minding your budget, then porcelain is just the one for you.


Ten Reasons Why Pottery is Good for Your Mind and Body

Some of us think that pottery is just a usual activity of making ceramic jars and such. What we didn’t know that the art of pottery brings lots of health benefits for us. Sounds weird, right? In fact, doing so will make your mind and body go into the state of synergy, which opens up the mind and relieve ourselves from stress. That said, here are ten health benefits of pottery.

  • Opens Up Creativity
  • With pottery, our minds creative outlet expands. Which enables us to express what we want to say or create in the outside world.

  • Boosts Optimism
  • Pottery is like magic that enhances our self-identification and expression, thus boosting our confidence and self-esteem, making us more optimistic.

  • Enhances Focus
  • The more you indulge yourself with pottery, the more it transcends you to your creative side, making you shift your focus more towards your creativity. Once you’re in this state, you will feel like you’re inside a shell away from the outside world. This state enhances your focus not just in pottery, but also in other aspects of your life.

  • Boosts Your Ability to Explore
  • Since pottery helps you to enhance your creative side, it also boosts your way of connecting to yourself and the environment. This enables you to explore the unknown and the things that are hidden behind.

  • Relieves Stress
  • Our hands play a vital role in pottery. The more you focus on your creation, the more it relieves you from stress and any kinds of distraction in the outside world.

  • Gives Your Wrists, Hands, & Arms its Much-Needed Exercise
  • Pottery is an activity that heavily relies on movement of the hands, wrists, and arms. This means that this activity is beneficial especially those people that are prone to arthritis on the hands.

  • Boosts Your Sociability
  • Pottery enhances the mental state as much as the physical, thus, making it a perfect hobby for those who want to find relaxation and peace. The atmosphere of group pottery helps relax people that are socially anxious. If you’re one of them and decide to join in such, you will find yourself sparking a conversation with others just because of the atmosphere alone.

  • It is a Natural Pain Killer

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Taking Good Care of Your Non-Stick Ceramic Cookware

Taking good care of the things around you will make them last much longer, and ceramic cookware is no exception. Just like most kitchen equipment, ceramic cookware also has care instructions too. Instead of putting them away, why not take a bit of your time to read them? In behalf of that, here are a few more tips on how to take care of your ceramic cookware.

Before Anything Else

  • Assuming you just brought your brand new ceramic cookware, it’s already a norm to remove the labels and other stickers that are on it.
  • After that, wash the cookware in warm and soapy water. Rinse thoroughly and dry them using a soft lint-free cloth or paper towel.
  • Before putting them in store, put paper napkins or pan protectors between each cookware to protect its surface.
  • Depending on the manufacturer, some non-stick cookware needs to be heated up with oil first before putting them to use. Follow the manufacturer’s advice on how to condition the cookware with oil. Some of them need to be put at low or medium heat. This setting works best on ceramic cookware with an aluminum base layer since it conducts heat faster than any other material.

It’s Cleaning Time

  • When it comes to cleaning such cookware, handwashing is the best option you can do. Some manufacturer’s design their ceramic cookware products to be dishwasher safe. However, using a dishwasher isn’t actually necessary. Since all of them can be easily cleaned by hand. What’s even good about handwashing is you can avoid any damage done by the dishwasher’s arms. Thus, making your cookware looking as good as new thanks to the tender loving care of your hands (cringe).

Lengthening the Lifespan of Your Ceramic Cookware

  • The tips listed below not only applies to ceramic cookware but also for regular pots and pans as well. Let’s have a look!
  • Your cookware will last longer if you wash them by hand. Although using a dishwasher is faster, the gentle touch of your own hands is the real deal here.
  • Avoid using sharp knives on the ceramic surface. Also, don’t try to cut any food while it is still in the pan, you’ll only damage its non-stick surface by doing so.
  • Place paper napkins, paper towels, pan protectors (already mentioned earlier) between each cookware to avoid storage damage.
  • Coating lasts longer if you use a little amount of oil or butter while cooking.
  • Avoid using spraying oil or olive oil to prevent ceramic damage.
  • Never set your heat to high to avoid damage. Low to medium heat should be enough.
  • Only place the cookware on a burner that’s appropriate for its size to avoid damaging its sides.
  • After cooking, let the cookware cool down before washing it. Washing it while it’s hot can damage its non-stick coating.
  • Avoid using metal utensils when handling food out of the cookware as it may damage the coating.


Simple Quick and Easy Tips for Taking Care of Your Ceramic Tile Flooring

Maintaining your ceramic tile flooring can be a chore thanks to its pretty high water absorption rate. That is why regularly tending and cleaning is a must especially on higher-traffic areas. However, by using the right technique and methods, you can clean your ceramic tiles with less effort and work.

There are lots of ceramic tile cleaners that are both available online and offline. But they are pricey, and some of them contains harmful chemicals that may damage your ceramic flooring. Now you may be thinking that what if you just opt for porcelain tiles instead. But there’s nothing you can do about it anymore because this is the one you choose in the first place. Instead of mourning about that thing, listed below are a few simple tips and tricks on how to take care of your ceramic tile flooring.  

  • Sweep & Vacuum
  • Regularly sweeping and vacuuming is definitely a must to keep your ceramic tiles away from dust, grime, and grit residing into the surface. Be careful on how you vacuum your tiles, make sure that the vacuum has no beater bar to avoid scratching the tiles on the process. If done daily and properly, sweeping and vacuuming is your best bet to keep your ceramic tiles looking new without putting a dent to your wallet.

  • Mopping
  • Now that you’re done doing the above methods, the next thing you should do is to mop the tiles. At least twice or thrice a week should be enough, unless the tiles are installed on high-trafficked areas, where moping regularly is a must. When choosing mops, opt for one that uses microfiber and cotton. Sponge-mops can easily push dirt and grime into the grout lines or cracks on the tiles so it’s better to avoid using one.
  • When it comes to mopping unglazed tiles, a mixture of hot water and detergent is necessary. If you want an odor-repelling solution, mix white vinegar along with water. For deep cleaning, a help of a nonabrasive cleaner will do. Stay away from using acid while mopping unglazed floors as this may damage them.
  • It’s also important to change the water while mopping. Using old water can make the tiles look cloudy and dirty looking. Use a dry mop after mopping the floor to prevent water damage and mildew buildup.

  •  Floor mats
  • To protect your ceramic tiles from any kinds of dust and debris, a floor mat is just the thing you need. Put them on the inside or outside entry-ways, or any high-trafficked areas in the house. Don’t forget to clean these floor mats on a weekly basis. Shake them well to prevent dirt and debris buildup.

Everything You Need to Know About Ceramic and Teflon

When we talk about nonstick cookware, you have two options to choose from: Ceramic and Teflon. It can be a bit tricky which one to choose since both of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we are going to differentiate both of them to help you out which is best for you.

The Differences

  • Ceramic coating is mainly made of from natural sand using sol-gel technology. While Teflon, on the other hand, uses a synthetic resin polymerized tetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).
  • Ceramic coating can be used on high temperatures that ranges up to 840°F/450°C without damaging the product. Teflon, on the other hand, can only survive low temperatures. But one thing you should know that cooking at extremely high temperatures can damage a product no matter if it’s Teflon or Ceramic. Even though ceramic can survive high temperatures, it’s best to use low temperatures on it just like Teflon.

The Similarities

  • Both Ceramic and Teflon are similarly priced. They are nonreactive and are free of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).
  • Handling extreme care is really necessary for both products to lengthen the nonstick surface’s lifespan. However, both of their nonstick surfaces will deteriorate over time and is completely unavoidable, that’s why taking good care of them is a must.
  • Avoid using metal utensils to handle food on both products. It’s better to use wooden, plastic, or nylon spatulas since these are the one suited for such nonstick cookware.
  • When it comes to cleaning, handwashing works best for both of them. Don’t ever use a dishwasher to wash ceramic and Teflon as they can be damaged by the dishwasher’s arms.


  • Teflon is not just an ordinary name; it is a trademark. Hence the capital letter every time it is written. Teflon is also defined as a resin of polymerized tetrafluoroethylene.

Is PTFE Different from “Teflon”?

  • PTFE stands for “polytetrafluoroethylene”, and it is the main polymer that’s found in Teflon. Meaning, the trademark “Teflon” has a coating that is made entirely from PTFE, which is sprayed over the base to provide a nonstick surface. With that said, Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a chemical compound and Teflon is a brand of product that contains that compound, PTFE.

Is Teflon Safe to Use?

  • The most common question that’s always asked by many is “Does Teflon cause cancer?” This is because Teflon back then contains PFOA, which is a chemical that’s harmful to both humans and animals. However, Teflon has been declared PFOA-free since January of 2012. Which means that Teflon cookware today is now safe to use.

The Downside of Using Teflon

  • However, it’s not all sparks and butterflies when using Teflon. In fact, you must avoid using Teflon at temperatures that are above 482 °F (250 °C).
  • Teflon gas is toxic and will start to emit when it is used at high temperatures. This toxic gas is harmful to birds, so if you have bird pets in the house, always keep them away from the kitchen whenever you will be using Teflon for your cooking needs. So if safety is your concern, ceramic is your best bet.

Is Ceramic Safe to Use?

  • In terms of safety, ceramic is definitely the winner here. This is because ceramic is both PFTE and PFOA free. Not only that, but ceramic is also considered toxin free because it doesn’t contain cadmium and lead.


  • Overall, we can definitely see that ceramic wins the race here. Ceramic nonstick cookware is healthier and contains no harmful toxins at all. Although it’s still good to use Teflon as long as you’re willing to take the risk. If budget is your concern, there are some ceramic cookware that comes in reasonably cheap prices compared to Teflon.

Essential Cleaning Tips for Ceramic Cookware

Don’t you just hate it when you thought you cooked something good for a while and suddenly, it turned into a complete disaster. Now that means it’s cleaning time! But wait, why don’t you take a look at the manufacturer’s guide first for your ceramic cookware? You will then see a long list of “don’ts” such as not to use abrasives, brushes, scrubby sponges, and the like. So how in the world are you going to clean such equipment? Well, if you want to do it in an old-fashioned way, so be it! So what are you waiting for? Let’s continue down below.

  • The Traditional Baking Soda Method
  • Baking soda can be used in many different ways, and that includes cleaning. What you’re going to do is to use cold water and add a few tablespoons of baking soda on your ceramic cookware. Leave it there for a while and let it foam up. After that, slowly stir the cookware using plastic or wooden utensils. Then allow the mixture to simmer for a few minutes in the heat. Lastly, thoroughly wash the cookware using dish detergent in warm water. Rinse and dry using a towel. This method works best if you happen to cook burnt food on it such as eggs, sugar, veggies, meat, and fish.

  • The Hydrogen Peroxide Method
  • For the larger ones, hydrogen peroxide may be needed. Use a fresh 3% of hydrogen peroxide on large ceramic pots and porcelain enameled cast iron. It works best on burnt food residue. Simple pour an ounce on the residue, let it bubble and fill the pot with warm water. Let it sit for a few minutes and rinse. You can also use an old toothbrush to scrub off extra residue too. Avoid using hard-bristled brushes as they can damage the cookware.

  • The Enzyme Method
  • Enzymes have the ability to digest burnt food. Simply spray enzyme on a burned pot and leave it for a few minutes. After doing so, wash using a dish detergent and rinse.

  • Cleaning Cast Iron Pots with Ceramic Interior
  • For this type of ceramic cookware, distilled vinegar combined with baking soda is the one that you should use. What you’re going to do is to pour a quart of water, fourth cups of vinegar, and two teaspoons of baking soda unto the cookware and let it simmer for minutes. After the mixture cools down, wash it with dish detergent, rinse, and dry.

  • Cleaning Burned Oil on Ceramic Cookware
  • Extra virgin olive oil is good for becoming sticky and gummy and so are vegetable oils and Crisco. Too much heat for too long a period will wreak havoc with beautiful ceramic and porcelain coated cookware.

  • Burned Rice and Pasta
  • Carbs are probably one of the hardest things to pry off on ceramic cookware. They tend to stick to the cookware when they are being boiled to the point that there is no water left. Once this happens, there’s nothing you can do but just have to live with it. Unless you have the money to buy another one.

  • If it Burns, it Burns!
  • You should know that stove type doesn’t matter when it comes to burns. Stoves such as gas, electric, or induction cooking stoves all use heat and are mainly the reason for burns. What you can do is to follow0 the cleaning tips listed above at your disposal to make your ceramic cookware looking good as new again.

Creative Ideas to Make Your Own Pottery Tools

We always have that mindset that in order to do something like this and that, you need to have the skills in order to do so. But in reality, even if you have little to no skills at all, you can create something as long as you know what you’re doing. The bonus part of that is you can learn something in the process too!

When it comes to making your own pottery tools, special materials come into mind. But in fact, even the ones you can find at the heart of your own home can be improvised to make such tools. If you’re a fan of DIY, then you’re surely going to love this article. Listed below are an ample amount of ideas to create your own pottery tools by yourself. Let’s dive in!

  • You can use white glue such as Elmer’s glue to stick things together. This is because it doesn’t repel glaze just like wax.
  • Have unused credit cards lying around? Use them as ribs. Cut them into patterns to make contoured edges. Be creative and cut whatever pattern you want depending on what tool you’re going to make.
  • Have no wood stirring sticks around? Cut lengths from PVC pipe to stir glazes. They work great for an alternative and won’t rot easily.
  • Toilet bowl brushes is a great tool to mix glazes too. Not only that, but also toiler plungers too!
  • Have a visit to your local fishing and hunting shops and buy some cheap animal tails. They are great to be used as hand brushes. Chicken and bird feathers also work best too!
  • No need to use expensive power equipment just to sharpen your tools. You can use a cheaper commercialized one or you can make your own from cone 10 porcelain rods.
  • Wax and petroleum jelly are best used to slow down drying of a specific area, for example, a rim.
  • Use cornstarch to prevent clay from sticking to your tools, canvas, and the like. Apply a thin coat of cornstarch before carving or making designs to prevent burrs and marks that are made from pulling the object off the clay.
  • A squeegee or a paint scrapper works well to smoothen a slab surface and eliminate canvas marks.
  • Metallic glazes like overglazes and raku glazes tend to oxidize over time. To prevent this, use silver polish or a concentrated lemon juice to clean them. Dry them under the heat of the sun to reduce oxidation.
  • Use empty shoe polish bottles for stain or oxide solutions.
  • Unleash your creativity by using a popped popcorn to add texture to clay for hand building.
  • A painter’s canvas can be used as a wedging surface if you don’t have one.
  • Add a little amount of bleach to a slip or recycled clay mixture to get rid of mold and odor. Don’t forget to wear gloves when handling bleach.
  • Who needs plaster to make molds when you can make one on your own from bisque. Heat the bisque at high temperatures to make it durable and fire it a little low to make it porous enough to make the clay dry.

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Clay Recycling Tips

Clay recycling is probably one of the most daunting tasks every ceramic artist has to face. However, it is actually necessary. Because it is important that no drop of clay is wasted so that we can use it for later. Saves you a lot of cash too if you do so, unless if you have a pug mill to begin with.

Collecting & Storing Clay

  • A heavy-duty container is needed since clay scrap and trimmings are heavy. Find a wheel mechanism where you can put your container so you can maneuver it around your studio. Place a framed screen on top of the container. This is important since the framed screen breaks down the scrap clay into pieces, making it usable for later.
  • When you’re done making your masterpiece, dump your throwing slop and any kinds of scrap into the container. Use a metal dustpan and your hands to collect scrap clay on the floor if you want to use them too.
  • Once the container reaches the top, decant the water. As long as there is water over the layer of clay in the recycle bucket, the clay scraps will break down into tiny pieces and will become thoroughly saturated. If there are lumps or dry material in the slop, the resulting reclaim will have hard and soft spots. The water will do its job without the need of mixing the clay in the bucket.

Reclaiming/Recycling Clay

  • The scrap clay you’ve collected needs to be dried out first before reprocessing it for later use. Listed below is a step-by-step instruction on how to do it.
  • Spread a thin layer of at least 2-inches or so of scrap onto an absorbent surface.
  • Plaster bats, wedging tables and large plaster slabs are good choices for this. “HardiBacker” Board is a material that works well for this. It is a heavy cement board that is not as effective as plaster but is strong enough to absorb moisture from the clay.
  • Flip the clay slab over from time to time and continue to do this until it is right for wedging.
  • Store drying bats on a vertical rack or ware cart to save space. A fan can also help dry wet clay quickly. This will accelerate the drying, so turn the clay frequently.
  • There is also an alternative method where you can use a rudimentary filter press system that’s made from cotton pillowcases. What you need to do is fill the sacks with clay slop and hang them over a bucket or just simply hang them outside. The water drips out from the sack and evaporates from the surface.

A Guide On Mixing Pottery Glaze

To apply a glaze to a bisque ware more easily and quickly, simply mix a glaze powder with water. It’s that simple! However, we are going to tear that down into more detail. This includes: measuring water, mixing the glaze powder with water, the sieving process, adjusting its viscosity and density, and more.

Before we start, it’s important to follow the instructions that came with the glaze set especially if it’s a premixed powder one. There are two types of glazes that you can purchase: Dry glaze and premixed. The former is specially formulated for dipping and pouring, while the latter is formulated for brushing.

Let’s assume that the instructions said that you have to mix the dry glaze with water. In case you’re not using a whole batch of premixed powder, make sure that it is mixed well before taking a part of the powder to mix with water. It’s also suggested that you should keep the glaze suspended in water for a few moments to improve its brushability.

Mixing Glaze Safely

  • Powdered glaze is the most dangerous form of glaze since it creates dust that can be inhaled easily. Glazes contain toxic chemicals so once inhaled, the last thing you’ll see is waking up in a hospital. So to avoid such situation, it’s important to wear a face mask or a respirator while handling glaze. Also, use rubber latex gloves and don’t put your fingers, eyes, nose, and mouth near the glaze while mixing it. Safety goggles are advisable too for extra protection.

Materials to Use

  • Here are the materials you will be needing when mixing glaze:
  • Empty buckets
  • Water
  • Glaze Powder
  • Handheld drill
  • Drywell mixer/paddle
  • Sieve that has the appropriate mesh for your glaze
  • Respirator/face mask
  • Dust mask
  • Safety goggles
  • Paintbrush
  • Spatula/Rib
  • Rags/Sponges

Instructions on Mixing Glaze

  • Each glaze has its own way of mixing. What we’re going to show you below is the basic way of mixing it. But feel free to try and experiment things as long as you know what you’re doing.

  • Measure the Proper Amount of Water for Your Glaze – measure water inside a clean container that’s at least 25% more than your glaze’s volume. This applies for dry glaze since premixed glaze already tells you on the instructions how much water to use. Keep in mind that every glaze is different and the amount of water to be used may vary.

  • Add Glaze Powder to Water – There are two ways to apply this step. Either you add the powder glaze to the water or water to the glaze powder. You can add a little amount of water each time until you get the right amount of it. You can pour the glaze into the water with no stirring needed.

  • Mixing the Glaze Powder and Water – Thoroughly mix well the glaze to avoid problems when applying it later on. Use a stick, toilet brush, or a whisk to mix the glaze. You can also use a handheld drill and attach a turbo mixer, or a simple paddle to mix the glaze. Should you need to mix smaller batches? Use a kitchen blender for easier convenience.

  • Pour the Glaze into a Sieve – Even though you already mixed it well, there will be small lumps on the glaze that aren’t completely mixed with water. The solution to this is to use a sieve to eliminate such lumps. Sieves come in different mesh sizes and it’s important to choose one that suits your glaze. However, some glaze instructions will tell you not to sieve the glaze. It’s up to you if you want to follow it or not.

  • Checking its Density and Viscosity – Glaze needs to be on its right density and thickness. Because if it is too thick or too thin, you will have problems applying it later on. Some people use other types of liquid as a base to measure the thickness of a glaze. For example, cream, heavy milk, whole milk may be used as a comparison for glaze thickness. If you have a glaze hydrometer, you can use that to measure its density too.

  • Adjusting its Density/Viscosity – Adding water is a must if you think that the glaze is too thick or thin. Add little amount of water from time to time until you get the right formula. If the glaze is too thin, let it sit overnight and scoop some of the water that rises up. You can alternatively add more dry powder if you had one.

  • Let it Sit for a While – After mixing, let the glaze sit for a while before you put it into use. Leaving them for a moment makes the particles in the powder to soak up the proper amount of water. Do a final check on the viscosity or density of the glaze to make sure it doesn’t get thick overnight.

  • Mix and Apply – Lastly, stir/mix the glaze before applying it to bisque ware. Constantly mix the glaze throughout the process. Monitor the density and thickness of the glaze from time to time because bisque tends to suck up extra water as they are dipped. Now that you’re done, store the glaze in an airtight container and make sure to label it so your friends or family won’t mistake for water or something.  Jot down notes about its density and thickness every after use so you will get consistent results the next time.