When it comes to home renovation or
remodeling, one of the most important aspects that carefully needs to be tended
upon is the flooring. With lots of available options in the market, it can be
tricky which flooring material to choose to give your home that fresh and new
Two of the most common flooring materials
are ceramic and porcelain. Putting them side by side makes it hard to
differentiate them apart. In terms of aesthetics, they look pretty similar. But
what we didn’t know is that both of them has unique differences that really
separates one from the other. So what are these differences we’re talking
about? Continue reading down below.
In terms of affordability,
ceramic tiles are your best bet. They are softer and more porous compared to
porcelain tiles. Ceramic tiles are made from a less refined clay material which
is then kiln-fired at lower temperatures. However, despite its cheap pricing,
it sacrifices durability.
Ceramic tiles are often made
from natural brown, red, or white clay. During the process of making such, the water
content is reduced, and a special glaze is applied once it’s finished. To
determine how porous a ceramic tile is, a water test is made after each creation
of tiles. This test is also a way to determine if a tile is ceramic or
After being soaked, the tiles
are then weighed to see if they absorb too much water or not. If the tile
weighs more than 0.5 percent compared to its original weight, the tile is
indeed ceramic, meaning its value is slightly decreased.
On the other hand, a porcelain
tile is made from refined clay and other natural elements. It’s made at high
temperature and then transforms into a hard, stone-like tile that’s more
durable compared to ceramic. Although looking similar to ceramic, porcelain
tiles are denser, which means it is more durable and can last for long.
After the making process, homeowners will
decide if they want their tiles to be glazed or not. Un-glazed tiles tend to be
stronger and chip resistant. Since porcelain tiles are much less porous, it has
a pretty low water absorption rate, making it less vulnerable to water damage.
This is why homeowners choose
porcelain tiles for their bathrooms because of its waterproof capabilities. However,
porcelain tiles are more expensive than ceramic tiles. But its durability is
what really makes it stand out despite its pricing.
Pros and Cons of Ceramic Tiles
More affordable than porcelain
Easier to install because of
its soft nature, making it easier to cut using a tile cutter.
Less durable and easier to
Has a pretty high water
absorption rate. Making it less ideal to install on a bathroom or anywhere
where moisture is more dominant.
Requires a bit more cleaning
and care compared to porcelain.
and Cons of Porcelain Tiles
Can withstand any kinds of
moisture and spills.
Can be installed without
problems on bathrooms or any room where moisture is more dominant.
It has a low water absorption
rate. Making it easier to clean from spills or any other types of liquid.
More expensive compared to
Harder to cut and install since
its thicker than ceramic tiles.
To sum it all up, it’s tough to
see which of them is the winner since both has its own advantage and
disadvantages. If you’re a budget conscious person and wants to save as much
cash as possible, then ceramic tiles are your best bet. However, if durability
and elegance is your thing without minding your budget, then porcelain is just
the one for you.
Some of us think that pottery is just a
usual activity of making ceramic jars and such. What we didn’t know that the
art of pottery brings lots of health benefits for us. Sounds weird, right? In
fact, doing so will make your mind and body go into the state of synergy, which
opens up the mind and relieve ourselves from stress. That said, here are ten
health benefits of pottery.
Opens Up Creativity
With pottery, our minds
creative outlet expands. Which enables us to express what we want to say or
create in the outside world.
Pottery is like magic that
enhances our self-identification and expression, thus boosting our confidence
and self-esteem, making us more optimistic.
The more you indulge yourself
with pottery, the more it transcends you to your creative side, making you
shift your focus more towards your creativity. Once you’re in this state, you
will feel like you’re inside a shell away from the outside world. This state
enhances your focus not just in pottery, but also in other aspects of your
Boosts Your Ability to Explore
Since pottery helps you to
enhance your creative side, it also boosts your way of connecting to yourself
and the environment. This enables you to explore the unknown and the things
that are hidden behind.
Our hands play a vital role in
pottery. The more you focus on your creation, the more it relieves you from
stress and any kinds of distraction in the outside world.
Gives Your Wrists, Hands, &
Arms its Much-Needed Exercise
Pottery is an activity that heavily
relies on movement of the hands, wrists, and arms. This means that this
activity is beneficial especially those people that are prone to arthritis on
Boosts Your Sociability
Pottery enhances the mental
state as much as the physical, thus, making it a perfect hobby for those who
want to find relaxation and peace. The atmosphere of group pottery helps relax people
that are socially anxious. If you’re one of them and decide to join in such,
you will find yourself sparking a conversation with others just because of the
Taking good care of the things around you
will make them last much longer, and ceramic cookware is no exception. Just
like most kitchen equipment, ceramic cookware also has care instructions too.
Instead of putting them away, why not take a bit of your time to read them? In
behalf of that, here are a few more tips on how to take care of your ceramic
Before Anything Else
Assuming you just brought your
brand new ceramic cookware, it’s already a norm to remove the labels and other
stickers that are on it.
After that, wash the cookware
in warm and soapy water. Rinse thoroughly and dry them using a soft lint-free
cloth or paper towel.
Before putting them in store,
put paper napkins or pan protectors between each cookware to protect its
Depending on the manufacturer,
some non-stick cookware needs to be heated up with oil first before putting
them to use. Follow the manufacturer’s advice on how to condition the cookware
with oil. Some of them need to be put at low or medium heat. This setting works
best on ceramic cookware with an aluminum base layer since it conducts heat
faster than any other material.
It’s Cleaning Time
When it comes to cleaning such
cookware, handwashing is the best option you can do. Some manufacturer’s design
their ceramic cookware products to be dishwasher safe. However, using a
dishwasher isn’t actually necessary. Since all of them can be easily cleaned by
hand. What’s even good about handwashing is you can avoid any damage done by
the dishwasher’s arms. Thus, making your cookware looking as good as new thanks
to the tender loving care of your hands (cringe).
Lengthening the Lifespan of Your Ceramic
The tips listed below not only
applies to ceramic cookware but also for regular pots and pans as well. Let’s
have a look!
Your cookware will last longer
if you wash them by hand. Although using a dishwasher is faster, the gentle
touch of your own hands is the real deal here.
Avoid using sharp knives on the
ceramic surface. Also, don’t try to cut any food while it is still in the pan,
you’ll only damage its non-stick surface by doing so.
Place paper napkins, paper
towels, pan protectors (already mentioned earlier) between each cookware to
avoid storage damage.
Coating lasts longer if you use
a little amount of oil or butter while cooking.
Avoid using spraying oil or
olive oil to prevent ceramic damage.
Never set your heat to high to
avoid damage. Low to medium heat should be enough.
Only place the cookware on a
burner that’s appropriate for its size to avoid damaging its sides.
After cooking, let the cookware
cool down before washing it. Washing it while it’s hot can damage its non-stick
Avoid using metal utensils when
handling food out of the cookware as it may damage the coating.
Maintaining your ceramic tile flooring can
be a chore thanks to its pretty high water absorption rate. That is why
regularly tending and cleaning is a must especially on higher-traffic areas.
However, by using the right technique and methods, you can clean your ceramic
tiles with less effort and work.
There are lots of ceramic tile cleaners
that are both available online and offline. But they are pricey, and some of
them contains harmful chemicals that may damage your ceramic flooring. Now you
may be thinking that what if you just opt for porcelain tiles instead. But
there’s nothing you can do about it anymore because this is the one you choose
in the first place. Instead of mourning about that thing, listed below are a
few simple tips and tricks on how to take care of your ceramic tile flooring.
Sweep & Vacuum
Regularly sweeping and vacuuming is definitely a must to keep your ceramic tiles away from dust, grime, and grit residing into the surface. Be careful on how you vacuum your tiles, make sure that the vacuum has no beater bar to avoid scratching the tiles on the process. If done daily and properly, sweeping and vacuuming is your best bet to keep your ceramic tiles looking new without putting a dent to your wallet.
Now that you’re done doing the above methods, the next thing you should do is to mop the tiles. At least twice or thrice a week should be enough, unless the tiles are installed on high-trafficked areas, where moping regularly is a must. When choosing mops, opt for one that uses microfiber and cotton. Sponge-mops can easily push dirt and grime into the grout lines or cracks on the tiles so it’s better to avoid using one.
When it comes to mopping unglazed tiles, a mixture of hot water and detergent is necessary. If you want an odor-repelling solution, mix white vinegar along with water. For deep cleaning, a help of a nonabrasive cleaner will do. Stay away from using acid while mopping unglazed floors as this may damage them.
It’s also important to change the water while mopping. Using old water can make the tiles look cloudy and dirty looking. Use a dry mop after mopping the floor to prevent water damage and mildew buildup.
To protect your ceramic tiles from any kinds of dust and debris, a floor mat is just the thing you need. Put them on the inside or outside entry-ways, or any high-trafficked areas in the house. Don’t forget to clean these floor mats on a weekly basis. Shake them well to prevent dirt and debris buildup.
When we talk about nonstick cookware, you
have two options to choose from: Ceramic and Teflon. It can be a bit tricky
which one to choose since both of them has its own advantages and
disadvantages. In this article, we are going to differentiate both of them to
help you out which is best for you.
Ceramic coating is mainly made
of from natural sand using sol-gel technology. While Teflon, on the other hand,
uses a synthetic resin polymerized tetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).
Ceramic coating can be used on
high temperatures that ranges up to 840°F/450°C without damaging the product.
Teflon, on the other hand, can only survive low temperatures. But one thing you
should know that cooking at extremely high temperatures can damage a product no
matter if it’s Teflon or Ceramic. Even though ceramic can survive high
temperatures, it’s best to use low temperatures on it just like Teflon.
Both Ceramic and Teflon are
similarly priced. They are nonreactive and are free of perfluorooctanoic acid
Handling extreme care is really
necessary for both products to lengthen the nonstick surface’s lifespan. However,
both of their nonstick surfaces will deteriorate over time and is completely unavoidable,
that’s why taking good care of them is a must.
Avoid using metal utensils to
handle food on both products. It’s better to use wooden, plastic, or nylon
spatulas since these are the one suited for such nonstick cookware.
When it comes to cleaning,
handwashing works best for both of them. Don’t ever use a dishwasher to wash
ceramic and Teflon as they can be damaged by the dishwasher’s arms.
Teflon is not just an ordinary
name; it is a trademark. Hence the capital letter every time it is written. Teflon
is also defined as a resin of polymerized tetrafluoroethylene.
Is PTFE Different from “Teflon”?
PTFE stands for “polytetrafluoroethylene”,
and it is the main polymer that’s found in Teflon. Meaning, the trademark
“Teflon” has a coating that is made entirely from PTFE, which is sprayed over
the base to provide a nonstick surface. With that said, Polytetrafluoroethylene
(PTFE) is a chemical compound and Teflon is a brand of product that contains
that compound, PTFE.
Is Teflon Safe to Use?
The most common question that’s
always asked by many is “Does Teflon cause cancer?” This is because Teflon back
then contains PFOA, which is a chemical that’s harmful to both humans and animals.
However, Teflon has been declared PFOA-free since January of 2012. Which means
that Teflon cookware today is now safe to use.
The Downside of Using Teflon
However, it’s not all sparks
and butterflies when using Teflon. In fact, you must avoid using Teflon at
temperatures that are above 482 °F (250 °C).
Teflon gas is toxic and will
start to emit when it is used at high temperatures. This toxic gas is harmful to
birds, so if you have bird pets in the house, always keep them away from the
kitchen whenever you will be using Teflon for your cooking needs. So if safety
is your concern, ceramic is your best bet.
Is Ceramic Safe to Use?
In terms of safety, ceramic is
definitely the winner here. This is because ceramic is both PFTE and PFOA free.
Not only that, but ceramic is also considered toxin free because it doesn’t
contain cadmium and lead.
Overall, we can definitely see
that ceramic wins the race here. Ceramic nonstick cookware is healthier and
contains no harmful toxins at all. Although it’s still good to use Teflon as
long as you’re willing to take the risk. If budget is your concern, there are
some ceramic cookware that comes in reasonably cheap prices compared to Teflon.
Don’t you just hate it when you thought you
cooked something good for a while and suddenly, it turned into a complete
disaster. Now that means it’s cleaning time! But wait, why don’t you take a
look at the manufacturer’s guide first for your ceramic cookware? You will then
see a long list of “don’ts” such as not to use abrasives, brushes, scrubby
sponges, and the like. So how in the world are you going to clean such
equipment? Well, if you want to do it in an old-fashioned way, so be it! So
what are you waiting for? Let’s continue down below.
The Traditional Baking Soda
Baking soda can be used in many
different ways, and that includes cleaning. What you’re going to do is to use
cold water and add a few tablespoons of baking soda on your ceramic cookware.
Leave it there for a while and let it foam up. After that, slowly stir the
cookware using plastic or wooden utensils. Then allow the mixture to simmer for
a few minutes in the heat. Lastly, thoroughly wash the cookware using dish
detergent in warm water. Rinse and dry using a towel. This method works best if
you happen to cook burnt food on it such as eggs, sugar, veggies, meat, and
The Hydrogen Peroxide Method
For the larger ones, hydrogen
peroxide may be needed. Use a fresh 3% of hydrogen peroxide on large ceramic
pots and porcelain enameled cast iron. It works best on burnt food residue.
Simple pour an ounce on the residue, let it bubble and fill the pot with warm
water. Let it sit for a few minutes and rinse. You can also use an old
toothbrush to scrub off extra residue too. Avoid using hard-bristled brushes as
they can damage the cookware.
The Enzyme Method
Enzymes have the ability to
digest burnt food. Simply spray enzyme on a burned pot and leave it for a few minutes.
After doing so, wash using a dish detergent and rinse.
Cleaning Cast Iron Pots with
For this type of ceramic
cookware, distilled vinegar combined with baking soda is the one that you
should use. What you’re going to do is to pour a quart of water, fourth cups of
vinegar, and two teaspoons of baking soda unto the cookware and let it simmer
for minutes. After the mixture cools down, wash it with dish detergent, rinse,
Cleaning Burned Oil on Ceramic
Extra virgin olive oil is good
for becoming sticky and gummy and so are vegetable oils and Crisco. Too much
heat for too long a period will wreak havoc with beautiful ceramic and
porcelain coated cookware.
Burned Rice and Pasta
Carbs are probably one of the
hardest things to pry off on ceramic cookware. They tend to stick to the
cookware when they are being boiled to the point that there is no water left. Once
this happens, there’s nothing you can do but just have to live with it. Unless
you have the money to buy another one.
If it Burns, it Burns!
You should know that stove type
doesn’t matter when it comes to burns. Stoves such as gas, electric, or induction
cooking stoves all use heat and are mainly the reason for burns. What you can
do is to follow0 the cleaning tips listed above at your disposal to make your
ceramic cookware looking good as new again.
We always have that mindset that in order
to do something like this and that, you need to have the skills in order to do
so. But in reality, even if you have little to no skills at all, you can create
something as long as you know what you’re doing. The bonus part of that is you
can learn something in the process too!
When it comes to making your own pottery
tools, special materials come into mind. But in fact, even the ones you can
find at the heart of your own home can be improvised to make such tools. If
you’re a fan of DIY, then you’re surely going to love this article. Listed
below are an ample amount of ideas to create your own pottery tools by
yourself. Let’s dive in!
You can use white glue such as
Elmer’s glue to stick things together. This is because it doesn’t repel glaze
just like wax.
Have unused credit cards lying
around? Use them as ribs. Cut them into patterns to make contoured edges. Be
creative and cut whatever pattern you want depending on what tool you’re going
Have no wood stirring sticks
around? Cut lengths from PVC pipe to stir glazes. They work great for an
alternative and won’t rot easily.
Toilet bowl brushes is a great
tool to mix glazes too. Not only that, but also toiler plungers too!
Have a visit to your local
fishing and hunting shops and buy some cheap animal tails. They are great to be
used as hand brushes. Chicken and bird feathers also work best too!
No need to use expensive power
equipment just to sharpen your tools. You can use a cheaper commercialized one
or you can make your own from cone 10 porcelain rods.
Wax and petroleum jelly are
best used to slow down drying of a specific area, for example, a rim.
Use cornstarch to prevent clay
from sticking to your tools, canvas, and the like. Apply a thin coat of
cornstarch before carving or making designs to prevent burrs and marks that are
made from pulling the object off the clay.
A squeegee or a paint scrapper
works well to smoothen a slab surface and eliminate canvas marks.
Metallic glazes like overglazes
and raku glazes tend to oxidize over time. To prevent this, use silver polish
or a concentrated lemon juice to clean them. Dry them under the heat of the sun
to reduce oxidation.
Use empty shoe polish bottles
for stain or oxide solutions.
Unleash your creativity by
using a popped popcorn to add texture to clay for hand building.
A painter’s canvas can be used
as a wedging surface if you don’t have one.
Add a little amount of bleach
to a slip or recycled clay mixture to get rid of mold and odor. Don’t forget to
wear gloves when handling bleach.
Who needs plaster to make molds
when you can make one on your own from bisque. Heat the bisque at high
temperatures to make it durable and fire it a little low to make it porous
enough to make the clay dry.
Clay recycling is probably one of the most
daunting tasks every ceramic artist has to face. However, it is actually necessary.
Because it is important that no drop of clay is wasted so that we can use it
for later. Saves you a lot of cash too if you do so, unless if you have a pug
mill to begin with.
Collecting & Storing Clay
A heavy-duty container is needed since clay scrap and trimmings are heavy. Find a wheel mechanism where you can put your container so you can maneuver it around your studio. Place a framed screen on top of the container. This is important since the framed screen breaks down the scrap clay into pieces, making it usable for later.
When you’re done making your masterpiece, dump your throwing slop and any kinds of scrap into the container. Use a metal dustpan and your hands to collect scrap clay on the floor if you want to use them too.
Once the container reaches the top, decant the water. As long as there is water over the layer of clay in the recycle bucket, the clay scraps will break down into tiny pieces and will become thoroughly saturated. If there are lumps or dry material in the slop, the resulting reclaim will have hard and soft spots. The water will do its job without the need of mixing the clay in the bucket.
The scrap clay you’ve collected
needs to be dried out first before reprocessing it for later use. Listed below
is a step-by-step instruction on how to do it.
Spread a thin layer of at least
2-inches or so of scrap onto an absorbent surface.
Plaster bats, wedging tables
and large plaster slabs are good choices for this. “HardiBacker” Board is a
material that works well for this. It is a heavy cement board that is not as
effective as plaster but is strong enough to absorb moisture from the clay.
Flip the clay slab over from
time to time and continue to do this until it is right for wedging.
Store drying bats on a vertical
rack or ware cart to save space. A fan can also help dry wet clay quickly. This
will accelerate the drying, so turn the clay frequently.
There is also an alternative method
where you can use a rudimentary filter press system that’s made from cotton
pillowcases. What you need to do is fill the sacks with clay slop and hang them
over a bucket or just simply hang them outside. The water drips out from the
sack and evaporates from the surface.
To apply a glaze to a bisque ware more
easily and quickly, simply mix a glaze powder with water. It’s that simple!
However, we are going to tear that down into more detail. This includes:
measuring water, mixing the glaze powder with water, the sieving process,
adjusting its viscosity and density, and more.
Before we start, it’s important to follow
the instructions that came with the glaze set especially if it’s a premixed
powder one. There are two types of glazes that you can purchase: Dry glaze and
premixed. The former is specially formulated for dipping and pouring, while the
latter is formulated for brushing.
Let’s assume that the instructions said
that you have to mix the dry glaze with water. In case you’re not using a whole
batch of premixed powder, make sure that it is mixed well before taking a part
of the powder to mix with water. It’s also suggested that you should keep the
glaze suspended in water for a few moments to improve its brushability.
Mixing Glaze Safely
Powdered glaze is the most
dangerous form of glaze since it creates dust that can be inhaled easily.
Glazes contain toxic chemicals so once inhaled, the last thing you’ll see is
waking up in a hospital. So to avoid such situation, it’s important to wear a
face mask or a respirator while handling glaze. Also, use rubber latex gloves
and don’t put your fingers, eyes, nose, and mouth near the glaze while mixing
it. Safety goggles are advisable too for extra protection.
Materials to Use
Here are the materials you will
be needing when mixing glaze:
Sieve that has the appropriate
mesh for your glaze
Instructions on Mixing Glaze
Each glaze has its own way of
mixing. What we’re going to show you below is the basic way of mixing it. But
feel free to try and experiment things as long as you know what you’re doing.
Measure the Proper Amount of
Water for Your Glaze – measure water inside a clean container that’s at least
25% more than your glaze’s volume. This applies for dry glaze since premixed
glaze already tells you on the instructions how much water to use. Keep in mind
that every glaze is different and the amount of water to be used may vary.
Add Glaze Powder to Water – There
are two ways to apply this step. Either you add the powder glaze to the water
or water to the glaze powder. You can add a little amount of water each time
until you get the right amount of it. You can pour the glaze into the water
with no stirring needed.
Mixing the Glaze Powder and
Water – Thoroughly mix well the glaze to avoid problems when applying it later
on. Use a stick, toilet brush, or a whisk to mix the glaze. You can also use a
handheld drill and attach a turbo mixer, or a simple paddle to mix the glaze. Should
you need to mix smaller batches? Use a kitchen blender for easier convenience.
Pour the Glaze into a Sieve – Even
though you already mixed it well, there will be small lumps on the glaze that
aren’t completely mixed with water. The solution to this is to use a sieve to
eliminate such lumps. Sieves come in different mesh sizes and it’s important to
choose one that suits your glaze. However, some glaze instructions will tell
you not to sieve the glaze. It’s up to you if you want to follow it or not.
Checking its Density and Viscosity
– Glaze needs to be on its right density and thickness. Because if it is too
thick or too thin, you will have problems applying it later on. Some people use
other types of liquid as a base to measure the thickness of a glaze. For
example, cream, heavy milk, whole milk may be used as a comparison for glaze
thickness. If you have a glaze hydrometer, you can use that to measure its
Adjusting its Density/Viscosity
– Adding water is a must if you think that the glaze is too thick or thin. Add
little amount of water from time to time until you get the right formula. If
the glaze is too thin, let it sit overnight and scoop some of the water that
rises up. You can alternatively add more dry powder if you had one.
Let it Sit for a While – After
mixing, let the glaze sit for a while before you put it into use. Leaving them
for a moment makes the particles in the powder to soak up the proper amount of
water. Do a final check on the viscosity or density of the glaze to make sure
it doesn’t get thick overnight.
Mix and Apply – Lastly,
stir/mix the glaze before applying it to bisque ware. Constantly mix the glaze
throughout the process. Monitor the density and thickness of the glaze from
time to time because bisque tends to suck up extra water as they are dipped. Now
that you’re done, store the glaze in an airtight container and make sure to
label it so your friends or family won’t mistake for water or something. Jot down notes about its density and thickness
every after use so you will get consistent results the next time.